Diet in diseases of the cardiovascular system
the Heart is the organ that provides the entire body with nutrients and oxygen. It is the only muscle that works continuously, without interruption. The factors that affect its performance, include our nutrition.
According to doctors, the observance of a certain diet, which has been designed will improve circulation, help to cope with the first signs of heart disease.
Nutritional guidelines for cardiovascular disease
With heart disease should adhere to the following rules:
Should be removed from the diet foods that increase the excitability of the nervous system. These include caffeine and caffeinated drinks, strong tea, nourishing broths and foods with a high content of spices. When consumed, the heart muscle is additionally loaded, as these products cause an increase in heart rate.
it is Necessary to reduce the consumption of foods containing animal fat. Cholesterol in fatty animal foods (e.g., canned meat, sausage, bacon), forms in the blood vessels of plaque. They can clog blood vessels, including the vessels of the heart, disrupting blood flow. Instead of fatty foods should eat chicken, Turkey, rabbit, lean beef. You need to choose a preparation method that excludes the use of fat: boiling, steaming, baking.
the Use of salt should be kept to a minimum. This will lead to a decrease in detained in the body fluid, allowing the heart to get rid of excess load from pumping large amounts of blood. In addition, because of fluid retention in the body and increases blood pressure. It is necessary to exclude from the consumption of fast food, snacks, prepared foods with a high content of salt, pickles and marinades, smoked products, sausage.
it is Important to eat foods that contain fatty acids omega-3. They help to reduce cholesterol in the body, lowering blood pressure, prevent blood clots. A large amount of omega-3 contained in vegetable oils and fish oil. Thus it is necessary to use a very oily fish and seafood, which are best to be cooked, but it is allowed and fry without adding fat. It should be noted that due to the increased amounts of salt, smoked and canned fish are harmful for the heart.
Food should be fractional. The autonomic nerves that supply heart muscle, irritated at the overflow of the stomach, bloating, which leads to failure of the heart. According to doctors, so as not to burden the nervous and cardiovascular system, it is necessary to eat 4-5 times a day in small portions that are easy to digest, without the cost of additional energy.
The menu at the diseases of the cardiovascular system
soup: with vegetables and cereals, with milk;
bread: a diet without salt, toast, crackers of white bread.
boiled or baked lean meat: beef, veal, chicken, Turkey, rabbit;
low-fat fish and seafood (boiled or steamed);
milk and milk products: yogurt, low-fat cottage cheese, kefir;
soft-boiled eggs, omelettes (but no more than 1 egg per day);
pasta made of durum flour
vegetables (boiled, baked, rarely and with caution can be used without any processing);
fresh ripe fruits and berries, jam, honey, dried fruit;
drinks: loosely brewed tea, juices from vegetables and fruits.
oil, vegetable, butter without salt (occasionally).
pastry: fresh bread, buns, pancakes, fritters;
broth: meat, fish, mushroom, poultry;
soup: with legumes;
fatty meats: canned meat, offal, sausages, smoked meats, bacon, corned beef, goose, duck;
fish: fatty, smoked, salted, canned fish, fish eggs.
dairy products: salty and fatty cheese, sour cream, cream;
eggs: boiled, fried;
vegetables: marinated, pickled, radish, cabbage, green peas, radish, onions,
fruits containing rough cellulose;
beverages: natural coffee, strong tea, cocoa, alcohol;
fats: cooking, margarine, lard.