Diet after operations on the intestine
Any surgery is a serious stress to the body. Severe postoperative period is observed after the removal of tumors of the gastrointestinal tract, and after preoperative chemotherapy (serious problems arise in patients for a long time deprived of nutrition). Malnutrition (deficiency of fat, protein, carbohydrates, minerals, vitamins) is diagnosed in 70-80% of patients with malignant tumors. The most serious factor of lack of nutrients is the development of a tumor of bioactive substances that influence metabolic processes. But in the absence of cancer surgery leads to a significant increase in energy needs against the background of forced restriction of food intake. After any surgery on the intestine should be gradual diet, helping to gradually fill the shortage of useful elements.
The first phase of the diet
on the first day after an operation on the bowel, it is recommended to adhere to the fasting regime (not even water). To maintain the water-salt metabolism and to compensate for protein and vitamin deficiency, salt, water, proteins, vitamins administered intravenously (bypassing the digestive tract). If the doctor does not insist on complete abstinence, the liquid can be drunk after 4-5 hours after waking up and restore the swallowing reflex.
The second stage of the diet
In agreement with the doctor on the second stage of the diet are supposed to eat easily digestible food: diet pureed soups, gravies, steam scrambled eggs, light cheese souffle, well boiled cereals, mashed potatoes, baked apples in mashed form. The diet is prescribed after surgery on the intestine, implies a maximum sparing of the digestive tract. Food should not be hot or cold, you can not eat large portions, you should eat fractionally (up to 6 times per day).
The third phase of the diet
after 2 weeks the diet can be somewhat expanded. Still excluded meats, marinades, pickles, spices, hot spices, fatty foods. The food you need to cook using gentle ways. Products are recommended to be boiled in water or steamed, stew, bake (everything fried is excluded). Can not be used rough and hard to digest food. Need to limit the intake of citrus fruits, nuts, wheat bran, mushroom, tomato, asparagus and beans. Eliminated acidic fruits, chocolate, ice cream, cocoa, pastries, fresh baked goods, cold sodas, alcohol. To eat is at one and the same time (on schedule).
it is Recommended to enter into the diet:
• Milk drinks
• non-Carbonated water, weak teas
• Wheat bread yesterday's baking, biscuits
• Lean meats
• Eggs, boiled soft-boiled
• Steam omelets
• Creamy and refined vegetable oil
• a Well-boiled cereals (except millet, barley and barley cereals, buckwheat-unground)
• Vegetables, boiled in water, steamed, pureed
• Soups with vegetables or cereals
• Ripe sweet fruits and berries
• Fruit and milk jelly, jelly, mousse, pureed fruit drinks, baked apples
• Sweet food on whipped egg whites
• Sugar, honey, jam, jam, Zephyr
Diet for surgery on the intestines should be administered by a doctor every case is individual, so sometimes there are some additional diet restrictions. Reviews confirm the need for individual guidance.