Diet for liver disease
The main characteristics of the diet
Diet is designed to remove the burden from the liver, improve its function. The diet must remain balanced, but limitations still exist. The diet is low in salt, cholesterol and fat and a high fiber content, vitamins, proteins and carbohydrates. Patients are recommended diverse, easily digestible food. She needs to promote the secretion of gastric juice (a liver disease is usually a decrease in appetite). It is advisable to eat 4-6 times a day.
The chemical composition of the diet
Proteins are needed by the human body to regenerate tissues and to prevent damage to the liver cells. Previously it was thought that a diet with liver disease should limit this element of power, but modern research has proved the inexpediency of such a recommendation (ideally, the rate of protein needs to be 100 g per day).
Fats are limited, but not eliminated completely (daily rate – 70 g). Must be present as the fats of animal and vegetable origin (in the complex they provide a lipotropic effect).
70% animal fat should account for 30% of vegetable. It is desirable that patients received animal fat with protein foods (cottage cheese, meat, fish). From the whole range of vegetable fats priority for olive and sunflower oil.
the rate of carbohydrates is 400 g per day. The proportion of simple carbohydrates significantly curtailed, since they contribute to fat deposition.
Diet, prescribed for liver disease, limiting the calories to 2600-2800 kcal. Recommended products:
• Stale wheat bread, and bread made of rye flour and flour
• Soups with vegetable broth (vegetables, cereals), milk soups, fruit soups, vegetarian soup and borscht
• Lean meat — boiled, baked after boiling, the product is minced meat
• low-fat varieties of fish
• Steam or baked protein omelet boiled eggs (not more than 1 yolk per day)
• Milk, acidophilus milk, kefir, sour cream, yogurt, low-fat cottage cheese, low-fat and non-spicy cheese
• Meals based on grains
• Vegetables boiled, raw, stewed,
• Sweet ripe berries and fruits
• Jelly, jellies, compotes, meringue, mousse, marmalade, caramel, jam, honey, candy
• Xylitol (sorbitol) – as a replacement for sugar.
• Refined vegetable oil
• Tea, decoction of wheat bran and rose hips, coffee with milk, natural juices
Diet, prescribed for liver disease, excludes the following products:
• Alcohol in any form
• Fatty meats and poultry
• Any fried foods
• Strong broths (meat, fish, mushroom, poultry)
• Canned foods
• Chocolate and cocoa
• Ice cream
• Cakes and cream cakes
• Refractory fat (lamb, beef, etc.)
• Cold drinks
• Sour and unripe berries and fruits
• Spinach, radishes, sorrel, radish, garlic, green onions, legumes, mushrooms, any pickled vegetables
• Cream, fat milk, fat cottage cheese, sharp cheese
• hard-Boiled eggs, fried eggs
• Salty, smoked, fatty fish, the caviar
• Fatty sauces and snacks
• Offal (kidneys, lungs, liver, etc.)
• hot spices (horseradish, pepper, mustard)
• Pastries, fried pies, pies, fresh bread, pancakes
• Soups to meat or mushroom broth, cold soups (okroshka, beetroot, green cabbage, etc.)
Diet in diseases of liver, reduces the load on the patient's body. According to reviews, a gentle food plan reduces the severity of symptoms, increases the effectiveness of treatment measures. Diet is quite a diverse range of dishes. It is also important to remember that liver disease require adherence to a diet – it is advisable to eat at the same time.