Diet in acute pancreatitis

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As practice shows, only one medical treatment often cannot alleviate the patient's condition. Diet in acute pancreatitis creates prerequisites for the reduction of the inflammatory process affecting the pancreas.

Fasting (stage # 1)

In the first stage, doctors suggest the patient to go on starvation mode – its duration is 1-4 days (prolonged fasting can be done only under the supervision of a specialist).

In this period shows only a liquid diet: you can drink broth hips, weak tea, mineral water (Borjomi, Essentuki №4, Essentuki №20, Smirnoff, Slavyanovskaya). The liquid is drunk in small portions. To eliminate intoxication administered parenteral nutrition.

Strict diet (stage # 2)

Starting from the 2nd...the 5th day, the patient is transferred to a relatively strict diet. The aim of diet is to neutralize inflammation, repair the pancreas, preventing fatty infiltration of the pancreas and liver.

the Diet is mechanically, physically and thermally sparing the gastrointestinal tract. Meals are served in the form of mashed and shredded (food steaming). The exception are products that increase acid production and activating the enzymatic activity of the pancreas. You need to eat 6-8 times a day, serving temperature: 20-50 degrees.

the Chemical composition of food
• Protein — 60-80 g (animal proteins – not more than 25 g)
• Fats – 50-60 g
• Carbohydrates — 200-280 g
• Caloric intake – no more than 1800 kcal
• Norm of salt – 6-10 g
• the rate of fluid — up to 2 litres

Recommended items
• Easy mucous soups based on grains
• and mucous Pureed porridge, prepared with water
• Weak tea with sugar
• Wheat crackers (not more than 50 g/day)
• Mousses and jellies
• Vegetable soup without oil
• Vegetable steam puddings
• Jelly of pureed fruit
• Wheat bread baking yesterday
• Dry biscuits

it is Forbidden to eat foods that cause bloating containing rough cellulose, which increases the secretory activity.

Light diet (stage # 3)

After 2 weeks the patient is transferred to a gentle version of the diet (the diet expands gradually – otherwise the pancreatitis worsen again). The purpose of the diet is to prevent the development of inflammatory processes in the pancreas.

the Chemical composition of food
• Protein — 120-130 g
• Fats — 70 g
• Carbohydrates – 350-400 g
• Caloric intake up to 2700 kcal
• rate of salt — 6-10 g
• the rate of fluid — up to 2 litres

it is recommended to Eat 5-6 times a day. The program duration is 2-3 months. The products can be steamed, boil, grind. If aggravation occurs, then the patient is transferred on a strict diet.

Recommended foods and dishes
• white bread (yesterday or the dried baking)
• Lean meat (beef, veal, Turkey, rabbit, chicken) in the steam or boiled
• Meals from minced meat
• Lean fish (whole or chopped)
• Milk and fresh sour curd minimum of fat
• Steam omelets
• cream and sour Cream (gradually add them to the dish)
• Poloveckie or pureed porridge (oatmeal, buckwheat, semolina, rice) – they are boiled in water or diluted milk
• Potatoes, beets, carrots, cauliflower, etc. (wipe with vegetables, boiled or baked)
• Milk sauces
• Weakly brewed tea with xylitol and lemon
• a Decoction of rose hips

Contraindications remain the same.

Reviews

Diet acute pancreatitis is primarily dependent on the patient's condition. According to reviews, dietary therapy significantly reduces the severity of manifestations of pancreatitis.