Anticholesterol diet

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Helpful information

In the norm our body itself regulates the quantity of cholesterol as its level is less or more depending on individual needs (cholesterol is involved in many processes of life).

a Serious shortage of this substance is fraught with unpleasant consequences: decline of sexual desire, depression, etc. If the cholesterol level is severely elevated, it also makes disorder in the body (primarily affects the vessels). One of the measures of treatment should be on a special diet.

Advice on nutrition

Power corresponds to a reduction of lipid levels. Restriction of animal fats (will have to give up from beef, lamb, pork fat). Such fats are rich in calciferol and saturated fatty acids. Fall under the ban products that are rich in cholesterol (kidneys, liver, brains, egg yolks, fish eggs).

the diet should contain various vegetable oils. They contain polyunsaturated fatty acids and phospholipids (lecithin). Vegetable oils provide a choleretic effect, and, therefore, promote the excretion of excess cholesterol formed as a result of disintegration of bile acids.

useful unrefined vegetable oils. To complement the "fat diet" it can only be butter (add it slowly to the dish).

Diet restricts the consumption of fast carbohydrates (cakes, sugar, starchy products). The diet must include sufficient amount of complex carbohydrates contained in vegetables and unsweetened fruits. Plant foods rich in pectin substances, they promote bile secretion and inhibits the absorption of cholesterol. Fiber affects intestinal peristalsis and accelerate excretion of cholesterol in the feces.

Lean protein foods should be included in the diet in sufficient quantity (for 1 kg of body weight in the normal ratio is 1.2-1.5 g protein). The fact that the cholesterol, creating a connection to the protein is kept in blood and not deposited on the walls of blood vessels. 60-70% of the protein accounted for egg whites and lean meats, fish, dairy products. A smaller percentage is given to plant proteins.

In the excretion of cholesterol from the body play a great role lipotropic substances (choline, methionine). Choline is present in legumes, spinach, oatmeal, herring, cheese. Methionine comes with lamb, pike perch, cod, buckwheat. Hypolipidemic properties have foods that contain ascorbic acid, pyridoxine, Niacin, copper, cobalt, magnesium, iodine, manganese.

Sample menu for high cholesterol

• Breakfast: steam protein omelet, buckwheat porridge and tea with skim milk
• lunch: salad made of seaweed
• Lunch: barley soup with vegetables steam beef patties, vegetables and fresh apples
• Afternoon tea: soy bun and a decoction of rose hips
• Dinner: fruit rice and tea
• Before sleep: yogurt

Reviews

Anticholesterol diet presented in the article brings only benefits. It ensures the supply of healthy fats, protein and complex carbohydrates, but prevents the formation of excess cholesterol.