Diet in liver cirrhosis
liver Cirrhosis – chronic disease characterized by replacement of functionally active tissue stroma (unformed connective tissue). In developed countries the disease is one of the six leading causes of death of people aged 35-60 years. About what is the diet for cirrhosis of the liver, we invite you to learn.
Diet in compensated liver cirrhosis
in the absence of symptoms of hepatic insufficiency special diet is not required (only completely eliminated the use of alcoholic beverages, as well as any overly fatty, salty and spicy food).
Today it has been proved that a complete rejection of eggs, butter, coffee, chocolate, spices and other previously prohibited foods with this disease has no therapeutic effects. The effect of taking a variety of medications (called the "defenders of the liver") is also questioned.
Power should remain full: the optimum protein content is 1 g/1 kg body weight of the patient. When weight loss shows a variety of food (need to eat small frequent meals).
Diet with the progression of liver cirrhosis
With the progression of the disease and in the absence of competent treatment, experiencing symptoms such as a violation of taste and smell, loss of appetite, dyspepsia (bitter taste in the mouth, feeling of heaviness in the abdomen, nausea), violation of the chair (often there is undigested fat). The cause of these symptoms is the secretion of bile acids by the liver. Characteristic for that period is to reduce weight (leaves as fat and muscle tissue).
In this case, the programs are made individually, but in any case, it is a protein and carbohydrate-thrust (fat intake is significantly limited). Patients are assigned to food enzymes (CREON, Mezim, festal, were, digester).
Diet in liver cirrhosis in the decompensation stage
Decompensation of liver cirrhosis is often accompanied by ascites, i.e. accumulation of fluid in the abdominal cavity. Compounding the problem is the development of liver failure.
Diet for decompensation of liver cirrhosis also be chosen individually. It is necessary to carry out daily weighing of the patient. Also daily measured abdominal circumference. In addition, comparison of the amount of fluid you drink and dedicated the day of urine.
subject to bed rest calorie intake is limited to 1800-2000 calories. Optimal protein – 70 g/day. Patients must get from food all the necessary materials, a special importance is given to the vitamins.
the Consumption of salt is reduced to 2-3 g/day. The daily rate of the liquid is reduced to 0.75-1 l/day. It is unacceptable to eat fatty, fried, spicy, salty, smoked food.
To accelerate the excretion of excess fluid, the patient is recommended to enter into the diet diuretic teas (as agreed with doctor). During this period, it is important to consume foods rich in potassium (it's dried fruit, bananas, etc.) – they are designed to compensate for a deficiency of this element (deficit develops as a result of fluid removal).
To increase appetite and improve the taste of unsalted food, it is recommended to use tomato and lemon juices, onion, garlic, vinegar, salt-free ketchup, unsalted mustard, cumin, pepper, Bay leaf and spicy vegetables.
it is Important to remember that diet is liver cirrhosis always is tailored to the stage of the disease – always consult your doctor and follow his recommendations.