All diets »

Diet for diabetics

135

What is diabetes?

diabetes is a number of endocrine diseases, developing as a result of relative or absolute deficiency of one of the most important hormones in the human body – insulin.

against the background of deficiency of the hormone increases the level of glucose in the blood. The disease makes disorder in all metabolic processes occurring in the body (carbohydrate, protein, fat, water-salt, mineral).

Interesting fact: diabetes does not apply to purely human diseases. This problem is inherent in representatives of the animal world (cats, dogs, swine, horses, etc.).

Diet for diabetics days

Anyone with this diagnosis knows that certain foods (sugar, pasta, pastries, sweets, potatoes, some cereals) provoke a rapid increase in the level of glucose in the blood, which almost inevitably leads to a persistent deterioration.

the basis of the diet should be vegetables (up to 900 g/day) and fruits (400 g/day). Plant food goes well with protein foods: meat and fish (300 g/day), dairy products (the optimal rate of 500 g/day), mushrooms (150 g/day).

Carbohydrates are also quite acceptable, but in limited quantities: 200 g, soaked in water, potatoes, 100 grams of bread, 200 grams of cereal. Occasionally, patients can treat themselves and loved sweets, but you need to completely exclude other starchy food.

Important recommendations

in Order not to provoke a breach of the diet, nutritionists recommend patients with diabetes to remove out of sight products-provocateurs (candy, cookies, muffins, etc.). To replace the vacant places have beautiful vases filled allowed to eat fruits (in the fridge you can put a dish with vegetables).

During the meal, the plate is recommended be divided in half. One half is to be filled with vegetables. Free half will have to split another in half: one part should be reserved for protein foods (fish and lean meat varieties, cheese, etc.), but the remaining part is dedicated to complex carbohydrates (pasta, cereals, etc.).

the diet should contain useful fatty acids contained in vegetable oils, nuts, avocado. Start the meal with vegetables is recommended. It is extremely important to monitor the size of the portions: overeating is unacceptable.

to Drink fluids is before meals or sometime after its use. Welcome teas, herbal teas, milk drinks, mineral and table water.

in the preparation of minced meat dishes instead of bread, it is acceptable to add cereal and mashed cabbage or carrots. As a useful flavoring it is recommended to use herbs.

Patients should give up grains, industrially processed (this is semolina, polished rice, etc.). Better health bring whole grains (oats, brown rice, buckwheat).

To improve the taste of vegetables nutritionists recommend roasting them on the grill and in the oven – gentle heat treatment gives the vegetables a rich flavor (though the use of the product is slightly reduced).

a Real salvation can become frozen vegetable mixes. This product does not require cooking for his special conditions: with minimal efforts, a delicious dish appears on the table in 15-20 minutes.

Nutritionists and doctors do not recommend to eat in haste. The meal should be given sufficient time for a leisurely absorption of food (only in this case you will fully be satisfied, not Bareev at the same time). To complete the meal you need in a time when still felt a little hungry. If after 20-30 minutes you still want to eat, eat fruit (vegetables) or drink cultured milk drink.

Sugar substitutes

Needless to say, the lack of sugar in the diet seriously spoil the mood. Nutritionists offer to replace this product with aspartame, agave nectar, stevia. Saccharin, xylitol and sorbitol are permissible, but not desirable. The fact that these sweeteners provide a number of side effects: saccharin, was found to have carcinogenic properties, and sorbitol, and xylitol with excessive consumption can damage the walls of blood vessels.

Useful and harmful products

we Offer you a list of useful diabetic products:
• Any kind of cabbage
• Squash
• Any kind of onions
• Cucumber
• Tomatoes
• peppers
• Rhubarb
• Rap
• beans
• Any leafy vegetable
• Eggplant
• Celery
• Garlic
• Apricots, apples, pears, cherries, plum, plum
• Citrus fruits
• Gourds
• Mango, guava, pineapple, kiwi, pomegranate
• Dairy products
• Eggs (quail, chicken)
• Mushrooms
• Lean meats and poultry
• Fish and seafood
• Herbs and spices
• Sprouts beans
• Mineral water herbal teas

From the diet diabetics are advised to exclude such products as:
• Sugar and any product with its high content
• White flour and cakes based on it
• do Not soaked potatoes
• Semolina, polished rice
• Sweet fruits (grapes, bananas)
• Condensed milk, and sweet cheeses and yogurts
• Packaged juices
• Sweet drinks
• Fatty meats and semi-finished products
• Alcohol in any form

you need to Eat 5-6 times a day, observing mode. Dinner is for 1.5-2 hours before bedtime (early, but not late). Breakfast should be present in the menu – this will allow you to maintain at a constant level the concentration of glucose in the blood.

Diet for weight loss for diabetics imposes serious limitations on the range of products, but without this it is impossible. Patients is new to rethink their eating habits, but to deprive yourself of the joys of life are not worth it – the diet should include wholesome dishes.