Diet for liver disease
Liver disease and causes of acute
the Most common liver diseases are chronic cholecystitis and hepatitis. Aggravation of any disease of the liver contribute to:
• Chronic fatigue
• Erratic power supply mode
• Overeating, especially with a predominance of spicy, fatty, salty, smoked dishes
• Eating foods rich in cholesterol.
Competent treatment of liver disease by a doctor – it depends on the condition of the patient and stage of the disease.
the Diet for liver disease plays an important role. Patients are advised to fractional sparing diet, implying a complete ratio of proteins, fats, carbohydrates, minerals and vitamins.
If there are serious indications doctor prescribes choleretic, anti-inflammatory and pain relievers.
Diet for diseased liver eliminates this important organ from congestion, and helps to restore its functions. The right nutrition plan improves the composition of bile, supports the process of secretion and provides the body with a complete supply of nutrients.
Nutritional therapy in liver disease
Diet is based on the following principles:
• Patients must receive daily with food a sufficient amount of highly digestible proteins
• the Amount of fat in the diet is determined strictly individually – if necessary, the doctor will recommend increase the consumption of vegetable oils that will enhance the choleretic effect of diet
• If liver disease is accompanied by obesity, the amount of carbohydrates you need to reduce the rest of patients you can enter them in the diet, guided by the average physiological norms of consumption
• To the liver have not experienced congestion, patients are advised to eat well-boiled, chopped or pureed food
• liver disease nutrition should be a fraction – this mode helps to correct the patient's body, prevents constipation, improves digestion and provides a choleretic effect.
• the diet should contain foods rich in fibre — they support the choleretic effect of diet and relieve the body of excess cholesterol
The chemical composition of the diet
• Protein: 100-120 grams (animal and vegetable proteins in the ratio 1:1)
• Fats: 80-90 g (of which vegetable – 40%)
• Carbohydrates: 450 grams (sugar — not more than 70 g)
• Salt: 0-5 g in the presence of edema or 5-10 g in their absence
• Daily quantity of liquid: 1.5-2 l
• Optimal caloric intake: 3200-3500 kcal
Patients should eat 4-6 times a day (meals can be prepared, otvarivaya or baked products, other methods of heat treatment are prohibited).
the Diet for liver disease includes the following products:
• white bread (yesterday or the dried baking)
• Rye bread from a flour of wholemeal milling (yesterday or the dried baking)
• Baked products from unleavened dough
• Soups prepared with addition of cereal grain and pasta products based on vegetable and fruit broth, or milk
• Meals from lean meats and poultry (welcome beef, veal, chicken fillet – whole or chopped)
• Fish low-fat varieties.
• butter – 30 g per day
• Vegetable oil (olive, corn, sunflower) – up to 50 g per day (without heat treatment)
• Vegetable dishes (especially welcome the following types of vegetables: sauerkraut and fresh cabbage, pumpkin, baby beans, carrot, green peas, squash, boiled onions)
• Vegetable juice
• Cereal dishes and side dishes (especially useful for patients buckwheat and oatmeal)
• Eggs and dishes based on them (whole egg or 2 of protein a day)
• Fruits and berries (except for sour varieties, but the lemon with sugar to include in the diet is still possible)
• Sweet food: fruit purees, jellies, compotes, jams, honey
• Milk as well as foods and dishes based on it (condensed and dried milk, sour cream, sour fresh cheese, mild cheese, kefir, acidophilus milk, yogurt)
• low-fat sauces and fruit sauces with no added spices
• Soaked herring
• Sweet fruit juices
• Weakly brewed tea and coffee (preferably add the milk)
• a Decoction of rose hips
Prohibited products in liver disease
fall Under the ban of the following products, drinks and meals:
• Fatty meats (lamb, pork, duck, goose)
• Fried foods
• Refractory fat
• Strong broth
• Smoked meats, marinades, pickles
• Any canned food
• Cocoa and chocolate
• Sorrel, spinach and mushrooms
• Any cold drinks
• Cold desserts (especially ice cream)
Sample menu diet for liver disease
all day: white and rye bread yesterday's baking – 200 g sugar — 70 g.
• the First Breakfast: portion of oatmeal, cheesecake and tea with milk
• lunch: crumbly oatmeal with butter, portion of boiled chicken meat, bread and juice
• Lunch: vegetarian potato soup with sour cream, a serving of boiled beef, baked in low fat butter sauce, and also steamed zucchini and Apple jelly
• Dinner: boiled or steamed fish with mashed potatoes and sweet tea with a slice of lemon
the above diet patients can maintain a long time (optimal period – 2 years). After that, (strictly on the recommendation of a physician) the diet can be expanded.