Diet myocardial infarction

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General guidelines

Diet in myocardial infarction involves a fractional power. The number of meals should be increased to 6-7 times per day while reducing the size of the portions.

should Also be reduced caloric intake, as when bed rest uses less energy. Excessive intake of calories can cause insomnia and weight gain.

In the acute period of the diet should completely exclude salt, as a result of its use in the body accumulate fluid and edema that affects the heart. To prevent swelling and helps decrease in the diet fluid day should drink no more than 1.5 liters, including soups.

Prohibited products

in addition to salt, from the diet should exclude the following products: spicy seasonings, smoked meats, strong coffee and tea, alcohol.

the Majority of patients after a heart attack suffer from lipid metabolism disorders, resulting in atherosclerotic vessels of the heart. To improve lipid metabolism is necessary to minimize the intake of animal fats and foods high in cholesterol.

in addition, patients not recommended to consume sugar, which affects blood clotting, as well as carbonated beverages, fresh bread and other foods that cause bloating.

Products, required in the diet

On the table every day should be foods high in potassium and magnesium – essential minerals necessary for normal functioning of the heart. Among such foods include prunes, apricots, raisins, beets, cabbage, nuts, beans, buckwheat and citrus fruits.

Periods diet

Diet in myocardial infarction includes three periods, corresponding to the stages of healing.

the duration of the first period is 10-14 days after the onset of illness. In this period the meals should be small portions every 2-3 hours. Just a day should be 7 meals. Of the foods allowed vegetable broths and soups, liquid porridge, low-fat dairy products, carrot juice. Salt is completely prohibited.

In the second period in the list of allowed foods included a decoction of prunes, rose hips broth, low-fat cottage cheese, scrambled eggs, boiled fish and chicken, mashed cooked vegetables.

Finally, in the third period, which occurs after the fourth week with the onset of the disease, the patient can gradually return to normal diet, while respecting all the above recommendations.