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Diet after myocardial infarction

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General provisions diet

Diet is prescribed after myocardial infarction is based on cutting back the amount of food. In this period, the patient is forced to comply with bed rest. You want to reduce the load on the heart and digestive tract. You need to eat fractional and small portions (up to 6 times per day). Excluded from the diet any food causing flatulence. It is necessary to control fluid intake (not more than 1 l per day). Products can be boiled (after boiling meat and fish is acceptable to fry or bake). Limit the intake of salt (about 5 g per day).

Diet diet

In the acute phase for a few days, the patient should abandon the use of solid food, you can drink natural fruit juices, fruit drinks, weak tea, broth hips, water. With the improvement of the condition in the diet, start to introduce different products, but first ill have to settle for mostly pureed foods.

Recommended products:

  • a Small amount of wheat crackers and white bread
  • Half servings of dairy soups
  • Berries
  • Lean meat, boiled
  • Vegetables pureed (especially useful for cauliflower, carrots, pumpkin, potatoes, beetroot, courgettes, cucumbers)
  • Meatless vegetarian entrees with vegetables, cereals
  • sea and River fish
  • Steam and protein omelets
  • Greens
  • Fruits
  • Cereals (in priority buckwheat and oatmeal porridge, but semolina is excluded) — obesity consumption of cereals should be limited
  • low-fat dairy products
  • Various vegetable oil
  • high-Quality natural butter (up to 30 g per day)
  • Berry gravy, low-fat and non-spicy sauces
  • glucose and sweets (in limited quantities)
  • Loosely brewed tea, juice, broth hips, natural fruit juices
  • healthy snacks
  • fall Under the ban:

  • Pastry rye bread, fresh bread
  • All fatty foods and meat products
  • Caviar fish
  • Refractory fat
  • Some vegetables (beans, cabbage)
  • Fatty dairy products (cream, heavy cream, whole milk)
  • Cakes fat cream
  • egg Yolks
  • Spicy foods, herbs, spices
  • ice Cream
  • Pickles
  • Pickles, smoked meat
  • Alcoholic beverages
  • Chocolate
  • strong tea, coffee, cocoa
  • Menu (2...10 days)

    all day: wheat crackers (60 g), sugar (40 g)
    Before Breakfast: 100 ml of natural fruit juice or infusion of prunes
    First Breakfast: baked or grated Apple, porridge with milk, tea with milk
    lunch: steam chicken cutlet and 100 ml of juice
    Lunch: meatballs made of fish, a half portion of vegetable broth, mashed potatoes
    afternoon Snack: 100g Apple sauce
    Dinner: 50 g grated cheese 100 ml sour milk
    Before bedtime (not later than 21.00): 50 g mashed prunes

    Reviews

    Practice shows that diet after a heart attack for men is no different from the "female version". To prevent relapse and accelerate recovery, you need to eat according to the above rules.