Diet after a stroke
Nutrition plays a huge role in the life of every person, because it depends largely on our health. And if a person suffered such a serious disease like a stroke, then nutrition becomes even more important. Therefore, doctors advise patients to follow a special diet after a stroke.
the Main principle of the diet after a stroke – limiting the amount of salt and animal fat in the diet. Reducing fat can reduce the level of cholesterol in the blood, which helps to avoid recurrent stroke. Salt is better to exclude completely from the diet, or at least to reduce its amount to a maximum of 5 g. since the use of large amounts of salt increases blood pressure. People who have had a stroke, it is very important to follow a diet as it will help them bring the weight back to normal. This is very important because extra weight puts significant strain on our body and health. Therefore, the thinner will be the person, the lower the risk of recurrent stroke.
Advice on nutrition
Diet after a stroke should consist of foods with low fat and plenty of fiber. The daily menu should include fruits, vegetables, vegetarian soups, juices, dairy products. It is necessary to exclude from the diet of fatty and salty foods are: butter, eggs, sour cream, fatty meats, sausages, smoked meats, salted and pickled, canned herring. Also should refuse from high-calorie food: baked dishes, muffins, cookies, chocolates and preserves. After stroke especially useful are products that contain large amounts of potassium. These include oranges, bananas, apricots, dried apricots, carrots, radish, cabbage and potatoes. Often try to consume these fruits and vegetables.
it is Recommended to increase the frequency of meals, eat 4-6 times a day in small portions. The last meal should be moderate and take place 3 hours before bedtime. The approximate weight of the daily ration must not exceed 2 kg and the volume of fluid – not more than 1 liter.
Diet after a stroke does not have a strong menu, so each person can build your diet, acquainted with permitted and prohibited products. Products marked with item "sometimes", can be used 1-2 times a week.
Permitted and prohibited products
• Meat. Allowed chicken, veal, rabbit and Turkey boiled or baked. Forbidden – the skin of poultry, lard, bacon, salami and all kinds of sausages, fried meat. Sometimes lean beef.
• Fish. Allowed – cod, flounder, Walker in boiled or baked form. Forbidden – fried fish. Sometimes herring, sardines, salmon, tuna, mackerel.
• Dairy products. Allowed – milk, cheese, yogurt, fermented baked milk, yogurt, low-fat cheeses. Forbidden – condensed milk, cream and other fatty dairy products. Sometimes melted cheese.
• Eggs. Allowed protein. Sometimes a whole egg.
• Cereals. Allowed – bread from wheat flour, crackers, pasta, oatmeal, unpolished rice, cereals or soups. Forbidden – muffin, biscuits. Sometimes white bread, sugary cereal.
• Fruits and vegetables. Allowed – all vegetables, fruits, dried fruits and berries, boiled potatoes. Forbidden – chips and fried potatoes. Sometimes stewed potatoes, candied berries and fruits.
• the Desserts. Allowed – jelly, pudding, sherbet, sweets with sugar substitutes. Forbidden – cream ice cream, chocolate, toffee, fondant, butter creams. Sometimes marmalade, candy, honey.
• Drinks. Allowed – compote, mors, kissel, kvass, fruit and vegetable juices, broth hips, weak tea and tea with milk. Forbidden – strong coffee and tea, cocoa, and sweet carbonated beverages. Sometimes weak coffee.